Those who forget history are condemned to repeat it essay

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Those who forget history are condemned to repeat it essay

They married in A colonial civil servantRuiz de Santayana was also a painter and minor intellectual. She left the six-year-old Jorge with his father in Spain.

Jorge and his father followed her to Boston in Jorge did not see him again until he entered Harvard College and began to take his summer vacations in Spain. Education[ edit ] Santayana lived in Hollis Hall as a student at Harvard.

History Section

Santayana attended Boston Latin School and Harvard Collegewhere he studied under the philosophers William James and Josiah Royce and was involved in eleven clubs as an alternative to athletics. He was founder and president of the Philosophical Club, a member of the literary society known as the O.

Some of his Harvard students became famous in their own right, including T. Wallace Stevens was not among his students but became a friend. His romantic life, if any, is not well understood.

Those who forget history are condemned to repeat it essay

Some evidence, including a comment Santayana made late in life comparing himself to A. Housmanand his friendships with people who were openly homosexual and bisexualhas led scholars to speculate that Santayana was perhaps homosexual or bisexual himself, but it remains unclear whether he had any actual heterosexual or homosexual relationships.

He had saved money and been aided by a legacy from his mother.

Palestinian Myths

During his forty years in Europe, he wrote nineteen books and declined several prestigious academic positions. Many of his visitors and correspondents were Americans, including his assistant and eventual literary executor, Daniel Cory.

In later life, Santayana was financially comfortable, in part because his novel, The Last Puritanhad become an unexpected best-seller. In turn, he financially assisted a number of writers, including Bertrand Russellwith whom he was in fundamental disagreement, philosophically and politically.

His Persons and Places is an autobiography. These works also contain many of his sharper opinions and bons mots. He wrote books and essays on a wide range of subjects, including philosophy of a less technical sort, literary criticism, the history of ideas, politics, human nature, morals, the influence of religion on culture and social psychology, all with considerable wit and humor.

While his writings on technical philosophy can be difficult, his other writings are far more accessible and pithy. He wrote poems and a few plays, and left an ample correspondence, much of it published only since Like William Jameshis friend and mentor, he wrote philosophy in a literary way.

Santayana is usually considered an American writer, although he declined to become an American citizen, resided in fascist Italy for decades, and said that he was most comfortable, intellectually and aesthetically, at Oxford University.

Following and the writing of his only novel The Last Puritan, he continued to winter in Romeeventually living there year-round until his death in Philosophical work and publications[ edit ] Although schooled in German idealismSantayana was critical of it and made an effort to distance himself from its epistemology.

Like many of the classical pragmatists, and because he was well-versed in evolutionary theorySantayana was committed to metaphysical naturalism. He believed that human cognitioncultural practices, and social institutions have evolved so as to harmonize with the conditions present in their environment.

The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie

Their value may then be adjudged by the extent to which they facilitate human happiness. Santayana was an early adherent of epiphenomenalismbut also admired the classical materialism of Democritus and Lucretius of the three authors on whom he wrote in Three Philosophical Poets, Santayana speaks most favorably of Lucretius.

Santayana described himself as an " aesthetic Catholic. Santayana also held views of racial superiority and eugenic ideations discouraging the races he believed to be superior from "intermarriage with inferior stock". His philosophy has not fared quite as well."It is a virtual certainty that great victories will be claimed in the Cambodian invasion, and that the military will release reports of arms caches and rice destroyed, military bases demolished, and much killing of 'North Vietnamese,' i.e., people who find themselves in the way of an American tank or in an area bombed or strafed.

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Moths that fly by day are not properly to be called moths; they do not excite that pleasant sense of dark autumn nights and ivy-blossom which the commonest yellow-underwing asleep in the shadow of the curtain never fails to rouse in us. One of several processional crosses that were among the items looted during the British campaign in Ethiopia in (Photo: Victoria and Albert Museum).

The Death of the Moth, and Other Essays, by Virginia Woolf, free ebook. ← Previous sections () L Lucius Cassius too derived his influence, which was very considerable, not indeed from his eloquence, but from his manly way of speaking: for it is remarkable that he made himself popular, not, as others did, by his complaisance and liberality, but by the gloomy rigour and severity of his manners.

His law for collecting the votes of the people by way of ballot.

Mit brennender Sorge - Wikipedia