Teachers and students benefit from the unprecedented access to information the Internet provides, as well as from the ability to share knowledge across the globe. However, reliance on the Internet also has many negative effects.
Element of threat Physical Organism The physical organism provides individuals with the perceptual apparatus for sensing the world around them.
Pilots, for example, must be able to see, hear, feel, and respond adequately while they are in the air. A person whose perceptual apparatus distorts reality is denied the right to fly at the time of the first medical examination.
Basic Need A person's basic need is to maintain and enhance the organized self. The self is a person's past, present, and future combined; it is both physical and psychological. A person's most fundamental, pressing need is to preserve and perpetuate the self.
All perceptions are affected by this need. Just as the food one eats and the air one breathes become part of the physical self, so do the sights one sees and the sounds one hears become part of the psychological self. Psychologically, we are what we perceive. A person has physical barriers which keep out those things that would be damaging to the physical being, such as blinking at an arc weld or flinching from a hot iron.
Likewise, a person has perceptual barriers that block those sights, sounds, and feelings which pose a psychological threat.
Helping people learn requires finding ways to aid them in developing better perceptions in spite of their defense mechanisms. Since a person's basic need is to maintain and enhance the self, the instructor must recognize that anything that is asked of the student which may be interpreted by the student as imperiling the self will be resisted or denied.
To teach effectively, it is necessary to work with this life force. Goals and Values Perceptions depend on one's goals and values. Every experience and sensation which is funneled into one's central nervous system is colored by the individual's own beliefs and value structures.
Spectators at a ball game may see an infraction or foul differently depending on which team they support. The precise kinds of commitments and philosophical outlooks which the student holds are important for the instructor to know, since this knowledge will assist in predicting how the student will interpret experiences and instructions.
Goals are also a product of one's value structure. Those things which are more highly valued and cherished are pursued; those which are accorded less value and importance are not sought after. Self-Concept Self-concept is a powerful determinant in learning. A student's self-image, described in such terms as confident and insecure, has a great influence on the total perceptual process.
A negative self-concept inhibits the perceptual processes by introducing psychological barriers which tend to keep the student from perceiving. They may also inhibit the ability to properly implement that which is perceived.
That is, self-concept affects the ability to actually perform or do things unfavorable. Students who view themselves positively, on the other hand, are less defensive and more receptive to new experiences, instructions, and demonstrations.
Time and Opportunity It takes time and opportunity to perceive. Learning some things depends on other perceptions which have preceded these learnings, and on the availability of time to sense and relate these new things to the earlier perceptions.
Thus, sequence and time are necessary. A student could probably stall an airplane on the first attempt, regardless of previous experience. Stalls cannot really be learned, however, unless some experience in normal flight has been acquired.
Even with such experience, time and practice are needed to relate the new sensations and experiences associated with stalls in order to develop a perception of the stall.Among the most popular questions addressed in online communication research is the extent to which Internet use leads to undesirable psychosocial outcomes such as depression and loneliness.
positive and negative effects e-learning for students Nowadays, E-learning has become an increasingly popular approach to learning in higher education institutions due to the rapid growth of Internet technology.
* Educational technology has positive effects on student’s attitudes. * The degree of effectiveness is influenced by the student population, the instructional design, the teacher’s role, how students are grouped, and the levels of student access to technology.
Harmer () mentions the importance of computers and internet-based activities and adds that teachers should encourage the students to find suitable activities and games in order to be successful in language urbanagricultureinitiative.comn (, p) thinks that young learners should be encouraged to choose interesting subjects and topics from the internet.
There are a huge number of variables involved in evaluating the positive or negative effects of technology upon any given student's learning. No one answer will fit . Positive and Negative Effects of Technology on Mental Health go back to search results The effects of technology have made every part of our lives easier, from staying connected to friends and loved ones, to hailing an Uber, to watching TV, and even ordering dinner.