Bibliography Assessment Strategies and Tools: Checklists, Rating Scales and Rubrics Checklists, rating scales and rubrics are tools that state specific criteria and allow teachers and students to gather information and to make judgements about what students know and can do in relation to the outcomes. They offer systematic ways of collecting data about specific behaviours, knowledge and skills.
Simple ways to assess the product An effective writing process should lead to a successful product. A writing product fulfills its communicative intent if it is of appropriate length, is logical and coherent, and has a readable format.
When various conceptual models of writing are compared side by side Isaacson, five product variables seem to emerge: The following are simple methods for assessing each product variable. In some instances quantifiable measures are used; in others, qualitative assessments seem more appropriate.
Fluency The first writing skill a teacher might assess with a beginning writer is fluency: As concepts of print and fine motor skills develop, the student should become more proficient at writing down words and sentences into compositions of gradually increasing length.
The developmental route of very young writers involves trying to understand what written language is about as they look at books, become aware of environmental print, and put pencil to paper Clay, Then children try to relate their experiences in writing using invented spelling.
As they begin to construct little stories they explore spelling patterns and develop new language patterns. Clayrecommends a simple rating scale for emerging writing skills that focuses on language level from only letters to sentences and paragraphsmessage quality, and directional principles Figure 2.
Word any recognizable word 3. Word group any two-word phrase 4. Sentence any simple sentence 5. Punctuated story of two or more sentences 6.
He has a concept of signs uses letters, invents letters, used punctuation 2. He has a concept that a message is conveyed 3. A message is copied 4. Repetitive use of sentence patterns such as "Here is a…" 5.
Attempts to record own ideas 6. No evidence of directional knowledge 2. Part of the directional pattern is known: Reversal of the directional pattern right to left and return down right 4. Correct directional pattern 5. Correct directional pattern and spaces between words 6. Extensive text without any difficulties of arrangement and spacing of text A simple curriculum-based measure of fluency is total number of words written during a short writing assignment.
When fluency is the focus, misspellings, poor word choice, and faulty punctuation are not considered. A baseline of at least three writing samples should be collected and the total number of words counted for each.
For the purpose of evaluation, this total can be compared with those of proficient writers of the same age or grade level. A resulting IEP objective might be written like this: After a group prewriting discussion with the teacher, Daniel will write original narrative compositions of  words or more.
A rough guideline for setting the criterion can be established from research reported by Deno, Mirkin, and Wesson and Parker and Tindal If the total number of words is less than 20, aim for doubling it by the end of the school year. If the number of words is greater than 50, choose another objective.
Content Content is the second factor to consider in the writing product.
Is there a good beginning sentence? Is there a clear ending? Is there a logical sequence of subtopics or events? Does the writer stick to the topic? Is it clear what words like it, that, and they refer to? Does the writer use key words that cue the reader to the direction of the discourse First…Then…Therefore…On the other hand…?
Originality is assessed through questions like:Health Policy Analysis Checklist For the Development, Selection, and Assessment of Program Policies Improve access for those not getting ideal treatment iv) Reduce disparities in access, quality of care, outcomes Use a phased assessment.
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Product Checklist – including sufficient ‘decision-making rules ’ to ensure reliability of the assessment tool: Between two different assessors (Inter-rater reliability). Benefits. ACT WorkKeys® assessments are the cornerstone of ACT workforce solutions.
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