The reality is that eating disorders do not discriminate. Individuals of any race, class, sex, age, sexual orientation can suffer from an eating disorder. Eating disorder is a term for a number of eating problems including anorexia, bulimia and binge eating. Eating disorder is not a sign that a person has a problem with food.
Many people with eating disorders have major depressive disorder. They may withdraw socially, be irritable, have insomnia, and experience reduced libido.
In some patients, the symptoms of major depressive disorder are physiological responses to starvation and resolve as the patient restores their body weight during treatment. Most people with eating disorders suffer severe anxiety.
Anxiety may cause bulimics to continue eating when they are no longer hungry. People with anorexia nervosa are often preoccupied with food, and may collect recipes or hoard food.
People with eating disorders are often perfectionists. People with anorexia nervosa are often uncomfortable eating in public, often feel ineffective, and have a strong need to control their environment. The most apparent physical symptom of anorexia is emaciation.
Amenorrhea the absence of at least 3 consecutive periods is common in bulimics and anorexics as a result of disrupted hormonal function.
Poor nutrition and low body weight are associated with a reduced estrogen level and an increased risk for premature osteoporosis bone loss. Despite being malnourished, people with anorexia are often hyperactive. Lethargy may indicate depression or cardiovascular complication. People with anorexia nervosa often wear layers of bulky, oversized clothing, and may appear younger than they are.
Anorexics are generally malnourished the medical term for general malnourishment and physical wasting is cachexia, which is usually associated with chronic disease. A woman with anorexia usually has atrophied shrunken breasts.
The skin of anorexics is often dry and has a yellow tinge. Lanugo the growth of fine, downy body hair is common in anorexics. Bulimics may have scars on the backs of their fingers where their front teeth scrape the skin during self-induced vomiting, tooth decay, erosion of tooth enamel, and extreme tooth sensititivity to hot and cold.
Bradycardia slow heart rate is common.
Eating disorder patients often complain of cold intolerance, dizziness, constipation, abdominal discomfort, and bloating. Edema swelling may occur, usually in the legs, as a result of an electrolyte imbalance caused by starvation or excessive vomiting.
Other physical symptoms include hypotension abnormally low blood pressurepotassium deficiency in the blood, and hair loss. Anorexia and Bulimia Differential Diagnosis Chronic illness e.
Diabetes mellitus and hyperthyroidism can cause rapid weight loss, without loss of appetite. Some gastrointestinal disorders reduce the appetite and cause weight loss due to the abdominal pain, diarrhea, and cramping that occur after eating.
Gastrointestinal diseases that interfere with nutrient absorption, such as irritable bowel syndrome and celiac disease, may inhibit the ability to gain weight. Psychiatric disorders that may be associated with starvation or purging include conversion disorder loss or change in voluntary motor or sensory function that is not caused by a physical disorderschizophrenia, and mood disorders e.
Parents, health care providers, teachers, and coaches should look for the following behaviors, especially in teenagers: This behavior is normal, unless it is persistent and part of a pattern.
Anyone who is concerned about their behavior or the behavior of a friend or family member, should consult with a doctor, therapist, or other health care provider.This Internet site is presented by the Butterfly Foundation as co-ordinating agency of the National Eating Disorders Collaboration for the purpose of providing information and resources on the prevention and management of eating disorders for the benefit of the public.
EATING DISORDERS AND THE MEDIA ILLUSTRATION BY STEVE REED, THE COURIER-JOURNAL. A Brief History of Eating Disorders, Who is Affected and Possible Causes.
Binge eating disorder (BED) is an eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with associated negative psychological and social problems, but without subsequent purging episodes (e.g.
vomiting).. BED is a recently described condition, which was required to distinguish binge eating similar to that seen in bulimia nervosa but without characteristic purging. Eating disorders in young people for parents and carers: up to date, easy to read information by the Royal College of Psychiatrists as part of the Mental Health and Growing Up factsheet series.
Eating disorders, including anorexia and bulimia, are complicated, serious and potentially devastating. They’re caused by a complex combination of factors, including genetic, biochemical, psychological, cultural and environmental.
Jun 01, · Social media helps fuel some eating disorders. WHITE PLAINS, N.Y. -- People with anorexia and bulimia find support, validation on Facebook and other sites by sharing photos, ideas.