The basic reasons of deforestation are the followings: With increase in the demands for agricultural products, more and more land is brought under cultivation for which forests are destroyed, grasslands ploughed, uneven grounds, leveled, marshes drained and even land water is reclaimed. Such an expansion is marked with more ecological destruction.
Early history In the midnd century BC, a sudden and short-lived climatic change that caused reduced rainfall resulted in several decades of drought in Upper Egypt.
The resulting famine and civil strife is believed to have been a major cause of the collapse of the Old Kingdom. An account from the First Intermediate Period states, "All of Upper Egypt was dying of hunger and people were eating their children.
The only records obtained are of violence between Portuguese and Africans during the Battle of Mbilwa in In these documents the Portuguese wrote of African raids on Portuguese merchants solely for food, giving clear signs of famine. Additionally, instances of cannibalism by the African Jaga were also more prevalent during this time frame, indicating an extreme deprivation of a primary food source.
A notable period of famine occurred around the turn of the 20th century in the Congo Free State. In forming this state, Leopold used mass labor camps to finance his empire. The introduction of cash crops such as cottonand forcible measures to impel farmers to grow these crops, sometimes impoverished the peasantry in many areas, such as northern Nigeria, contributing to greater vulnerability to famine when severe drought struck in In Ethiopia it was estimated that as much as 90 Causes of deforestation essays of the national herd died, rendering rich farmers and herders destitute overnight.
This coincided with drought associated with an el Nino oscillation, human epidemics of smallpoxand in several countries, intense war. The Ethiopian Great famine that afflicted Ethiopia from to cost it roughly one-third of its population.
Records compiled for the Himba recall two droughts from to They were recorded by the Himba through a method of oral tradition. From to the Himba described the drought as "drought of the omutati seed" also called omangowi, which means the fruit of an unidentified vine that people ate during the time period.
From to87 per cent of deaths from famine occurred in Asia and Eastern Europe, with only 9. Although the drought was brief the main cause of death in Rwanda was due to Belgian prerogatives to acquisition grain from their colony Rwanda. The increased grain acquisition was related to WW2.
This and the drought causedRwandans to perish. It is estimated that 1. Additionally, drought and other government interference with the food supply caused thousand Africans to perish in Central and West Africa. The Ethiopian famine of that time was closely linked to the crisis of feudalism in that country, and in due course helped to bring about the downfall of the Emperor Haile Selassie.
The Sahelian famine was associated with the slowly growing crisis of pastoralism in Africa, which has seen livestock herding decline as a viable way of life over the last two generations. A girl during the Nigerian Civil War of the late s. Pictures of the famine caused by Nigerian blockade garnered sympathy for the Biafrans worldwide.
Famines occurred in Sudan in the lates and again in and The famine in KaramojaUganda was, in terms of mortality rates, one of the worst in history. This caused famine because even though the Sudanese Government believed there was a surplus of grain, there were local deficits across the region.
A primary cause of the famine one of the largest seen in the country is that Ethiopia and the surrounding Horn was still recovering from the droughts which occurred in the mid-late s. Ultimately, over 1 million Ethiopians died and over 22 million people suffered due to the prolonged drought, which lasted roughly 2 years.
This coincided with a massive drought, causing overSomalis to perish. That said, many African countries are not self-sufficient in food production, relying on income from cash crops to import food. Agriculture in Africa is susceptible to climatic fluctuations, especially droughts which can reduce the amount of food produced locally.
Other agricultural problems include soil infertilityland degradation and erosionswarms of desert locustswhich can destroy whole crops, and livestock diseases. Desertification is increasingly problematic:CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION Deforestation is the product of the interaction of the many environmental, social, economic, cultural, and political forces at work in any given region.
The mix of these forces varies from decade to decade, and from country to country. The causes of deforestation essay. kozol essay discussion computer a useful invention essays essayeur automobile emploi public maroc essay of south africa today temperature chairman s essay first amendment faith bandler faith hope and reconciliation essays an essay on american history x 2 unification of italy essays compare and contrast.
Essay # 1. Meaning of Deforestation: Deforestation, in the simple sense, will mean the removal of vegetation from an area. Deforestation, as the name suggests, is the clearing of forests and trees from an area for various commercial purposes.
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The basic reasons of deforestation are the followings: (1) Expansion of Agriculture: With increase in the demands for agricultural products, more and more land is brought under cultivation for which.