Standler Introduction By way of introduction, I was educated as a physicist Ph. I have been interested in science and public policy since the s, and I sometimes post at my website essays that preserve historical details on some topic. While the principal purpose of this webpage is to provide an annotated list of my essays on the civil war in Syria, I also include: My essays on Syria and Iraq focus on five topics:
In March antigovernment protests broke out in Syria, inspired by a wave of similar demonstrations elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa that had begun in December Bashar al-Assad was asked in an interview with The Wall Street Journal if he expected the wave of popular protest then sweeping through the Arab world—which had already unseated authoritarian rulers in Tunisia and Egypt —to reach Syria.
In reality, a variety of long-standing political and economic problems were pushing the country toward instability. When Assad succeeded his father inhe came to the presidency with a reputation as a modernizer and a reformer.
On the eve of the uprising, then, Syrian society remained highly repressive, with increasingly conspicuous inequalities in wealth and privilege.
Hundreds of thousands of farming families were reduced to poverty, causing a mass migration of rural people to urban shantytowns. A group of children had been arrested and tortured by the authorities for writing antiregime graffiti; incensed local people took to the street to demonstrate for political and economic reforms.
Security forces responded harshly, conducting mass arrests and sometimes firing on demonstrators.
Videos of security forces beating and firing at protesters—captured by witnesses on mobile phones—were circulated around the country and smuggled out to foreign media outlets.
As the conflict progressed, however, sectarian divisions hardened.
Kurd, member of an ethnic and linguistic group living in the Taurus Mountains of eastern Anatolia, the Zagros Mountains of western Iran, portions of northern Iraq, . In , Mustafa Barzani and his fighters returned to Iraq from exile, and an attempt was made to negotiate Kurdish autonomy in the north with the new Iraqi administration of Gen. Qasim. The history of Syria covers events which occurred on the territory of the present Syrian Arab Republic and events which occurred in Syria (region). which in fact encompassed the modern regions of northern Iraq, north east Syria, south east Turkey and the northwestern fringe of Iran.
In his public statements, Assad sought to portray the opposition as Sunni Islamic extremists in the mold of al-Qaeda and as participants in foreign conspiracies against Syria. As the protests increased in strength and size, the regime responded with heavier force.
In response, some groups of protesters began to take up arms against the security forces.
|Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant | History & Facts | urbanagricultureinitiative.com||Early conflicts Mahmud Barzanji — Mahmud Barzanji revolts were a series of armed uprisings against the British forces in the newly conquered Mesopotamia and later the British Mandate in Iraq.|
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Barack Obama and several European heads of state called for him to step down in August Page 1 of 4.Kurd, member of an ethnic and linguistic group living in the Taurus Mountains of eastern Anatolia, the Zagros Mountains of western Iran, portions of northern Iraq, .
The Syrian Civil War, which began as an uprising against the regime of Pres. Bashar al-Assad in early , provided new opportunities for AQI/ISI, whose fighters could easily cross from Iraq into eastern Syria.
By late the assortment of mostly secular. 10 simple points to help you understand the Syria conflict. Iraq, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon.
Syria has both deserts and fertile areas and is steeped in history dating back to biblical times. US Marine Corps - Iraq-An Introduction to the Country and People - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
For decades, Iraq was under the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein. After the terrible war of attrition with Iran in the s (started by Iraq), Iraq’s economy faced numerous problems.
History of UNHCR Syria UNHCR started its operations in Syria to respond to the displacement crisis inflicted by the first Iraqi war in , including, but not limited to 8, refugees hosted in Al Hol camp, near the Syria-Iraq border.