Posted by Mitch Ditkoff at Not exactly the kind of mindset conducive to breakthrough thinking. Do not lose heart, oh facilitators of the creative process.
Economics[ edit ] Opponents question the potential profitability of vertical farming. The analysis concluded that "food miles are, at best, a marketing fad. Similarly, if power needs are met by fossil fuels, the environmental effect may be a net loss;  even building low-carbon capacity to power the farms may not make as much sense as simply leaving traditional farms in place, while burning less coal.
Therefore, supplemental light would be required. Bruce Bugbee claimed that the power demands of vertical farming would be uncompetitive with traditional farms using only natural light.
Plumbing and elevator systems are necessary to distribute nutrients and water. Vertical farms require much greater energy per kilogram versus regular greenhouses, mainly through increased lighting. The amount of pollution produced is dependent on how the energy is generated.
Greenhouses commonly supplement CO2 levels to 3—4 times the atmospheric rate. Also, necessary ventilation may allow CO2 to leak into the atmosphere. Greenhouse growers commonly exploit photoperiodism in plants to control whether the plants are in a vegetative or reproductive stage.
As part of this control, the lights stay on past sunset and before sunrise or periodically throughout the night. Single story greenhouses have attracted criticism over light pollution.
The most common method of spreading the effluent over neighbouring farmland or wetlands would be more difficult for an urban vertical farm.
The study's quantitative framework projected annual food production of — million tonnes, energy savings ranging from 14 to 15 billion kilowatt hours, nitrogen sequestration betweenandtonnes and stormwater runoff reductions between 45 and 57 billion cubic meters annually.
All-season farming multiplies the productivity of the farmed surface by a factor of 4 to 6 depending on the crop. With crops such as strawberries, the factor may be as high as Changes in rain patterns and temperature could diminish India's agricultural output by 30 percent by the end of the century.
Conservation[ edit ] Up to 20 units of outdoor farmland per unit of VF could return to its natural state,   due to VR's increased productivity. Vertical farming would thus reduce the amount of farmland, thus saving many natural resources.
Producing food indoors reduces or eliminates conventional plowing, planting, and harvesting by farm machinery, protecting soil and reducing emissions. Resource scarcity[ edit ] The scarcity of fertilizer components like phosphorus  poses a threat to industrial agriculture.
The closed-cycle design of vertical farm systems minimizes the loss of nutrients, while traditional field agriculture loses nutrients to runoff and leeching.Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences - In an American developmental psychologist, Dr.
Howard Gardner, at Harvard University released a document that outlined his theory about multiple .
Here’s a wealth of information about GARDEN HISTORY and HEIRLOOMS from our email Gazette and past catalogs, starting with the most recently published. .
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.
Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from urbanagricultureinitiative.com Closing Date. 31 March The Research Project.
The Heirloom Daffodil Orchard at England’s Felley Priory. Featured on the cover of Gardens Illustrated, Felley Priory’s Daffodil Orchard is the “crowning glory” of its “renowned gardens” – and filled with nothing but heirlooms.. The Priory has been in the Chaworth-Musters family since , but most of the daffodils were planted in the s. Describe the theory and history of the discipline of intelligence. Demonstrate critical thinking skills. Analyze collected data/information using a variety of analytic techniques and methodologies. The world of independent media, all in one place.
This project supports discipline-based and interdisciplinary research in the creative and performing arts, and studies of aspects of various genres of Australian and British music. Closing Date. 31 March The Research Project.
This project supports discipline-based and interdisciplinary research in the creative and performing arts, and studies of aspects of various genres of Australian and British music. Describe the theory and history of the discipline of intelligence.
Demonstrate critical thinking skills. Analyze collected data/information using a variety of analytic techniques and methodologies.